Dr. A P J Abdul Kalam - Dreams and Vision

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His Excellency, The President of India Dr. A P J Abdul Kalam talks about technology and taking the nation forward....

Societal transformation and explicit knowledge


Economic growth for India is fundamentally tied to societal transformation in the knowledge products and service sector. Of course this in turn strengthens agriculture and manufacturing through innovation and value addition .Our movement towards Developed India 2020 is to generate revenue not only from raw material, agricultural and industrial products which are the hallmarks of an agricultural society. We have to move upwards to an information and knowledge society involving explicit knowledge  through knowledge intensive products and have manufacturing sector and high value agriculture based on new knowledge and skill . Information and communication technology have to be widely deployed in our transformation strategy along with newer technologies like Biotechnology, Nano-technology, advanced materials in addition to new approaches of clean technologies.


Changing Pattern of Society


When the world was moving from the industrial to information and knowledge era, we witnessed a changing pattern in the sectoral share of GDP and the number of people employed in each sector. The share of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) percentage  has undergone a considerable change . Contribution of agriculture to India's GDP has reduced from 39% to 22% during the period 1979 to 2004. During the same period contribution of manufacturing sector has moved from 24% to 27% and whereas the contribution from the services sector has increased from 37% to 51%, it includes ICT Sector. There  has been considerable change in the employment pattern also. The percentage of people employed in agriculture has come down from 64% to 54% . Simultaneously, the percentage of people employed in manufacturing has gone up from 15% to 19% and in the service sector from 20% to 27%. This trend has to continue and by 2020 our employment pattern should aim at 44% in agriculture, 21% in manufacturing and 35% in service sectors. The displacement of 10% people from agriculture sector has to be facilitated through skill enabling for undertaking value added tasks in the rural enterprises so that migration to urban area is reduced. Instead of the person from the rural areas going to urban towns in search of jobs in manufacturing and services sectors, PURA ( Providing Urban Amenities in Rural Areas) facilitates creation of employment in the rural areas itself. PURA achieves this by providing physical, electronic and knowledge connectivities to a cluster of villages thereby leading to their economic connectivity and prosperity. I would suggest the ICT companies to spread the establishment of new Unit in Tier-2 and Tier-3 cities and PURA complexes.


Computer Vs Brain:  Most of the computers of the future and accessories will be micro sized, wearable and will have wireless communication with each other. Moderately priced  PCs capable of performing about a billion calculations per second within next 10 years. It is predicted that by 2019, the computational ability of an ordinary PC would be around 1000 times that of the human brain.


Successful people become the captain of the problem, defeat it and move ahead. 



My view is definitely the creativity of the human mind will always be superior to the most powerful computers in the horizon. Creativity has to be business of IBM and other knowledge organizations.


By the end of this century, there would be strong trend towards convergence of human thinking with the world of machine intelligence that the human species initially created.


When there would no longer be any clear distinction between human and computers, how would the molecular biologists help us to retain the supremacy of man over machine.


Computers are going to challenge us. The entire scientific community, not just the ICT and biotechnologists would have greater responsibility of keeping the mankind above the man-made computers, human creativity being the prime mover. Organizations like Infosys have to perform and grow in this dynamic and competitive environment.


Convergence of Technologies: The information technology and communication technology have already converged leading to Information and Communication Technology (ICT). Information Technology combined with bio-technology has led to bio-informatics. Now, Nano-technology is knocking at our doors. It is the field of the future that will replace microelectronics and many fields with tremendous application potential in the areas of medicine, electronics and material science. When Nano technology and ICT meet, integrated silicon electronics, photonics are born and it can be said that material convergence will happen. With material convergence and biotechnology linked, a new science called Intelligent Bioscience will be born which would lead to a disease free, happy and more intelligent human habitat with longevity and high human capabilities. Convergence of bio-nano-info technologies can lead to the development of nano robots. Nano robots when they ate injected into a patient, my expert friends say, it will diagnose and deliver the treatment exclusively in the affected area and then the nano-robot gets digested as it is a DNA based product.


For more questions or to communicate with me do go to my website www.presidentofindia.nic.in


Finally, Dream, dream, dream.  Dream transforms into thoughts.  Thoughts result into action.  It means only if you have a dream thoughts will come.  If thoughts are there, you will do the action.  So you have to start a goal vision in your life.


God bless you!


Excerpts of the President's speech delivered at the Infosys Global Education Center, Mysore.




1.  I realize I have to set a goal in my life, to achieve the goal I will acquire the knowledge, I will work hard and when the problem occurs, I have to defeat the problem and succeed. 


2.  As a youth of my nation, I will work and work with courage to achieve success in all my tasks and enjoy success of others. 


3.  I shall always keep myself, my home, my hostel, my surrounding, neigh-borhood, and environment clean and tidy.


4.  I realize righteousness in the heart leads to beauty in the character; beauty in the character brings harmony in the home, harmony in the home leads to order in the nation, order in the nation leads to peace in the world.  Where does it start? From one's father, mother and primary school teacher.  Now you guys have to do it.


5.  I will lead an honest life, free from all corruption and will set an example for others to adapt a righteousness way of life. 


6.  I will light the lamp of knowledge in the nation and ensure that it remains lit forever. 


7. I realize, whatever work I do, if I do it best I am contributing towards realizing the vision of developed India before 2020.

Issue BG74 May07


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